Judicial Department, Connecticut

Agency Website

Statutory Authority

Connecticut State Constitution, Article Fifth
Connecticut General Statutes Title 51, Chapter 870 (Judicial Department)

Agency/Court History

Commissioners of General and Particular Courts carried out the earliest judicial functions of the Colony of Connecticut, and appeals were taken to the General Assembly.

1665 - County Courts established.

1711 - Superior Court established

1784 - Supreme Court of Errors established, consisting of the Lieutenant Governor and Council.

1793 - Governor added to Supreme Court as presiding judge.

1818 - Constitution established an independent judiciary, with a Chief Judge and four assistant judges, and provided for "inferior courts" to be provided as necessary by the Legislature.

1831 - County Courts established in each county.

1855 - Superior Court replaced County Courts.

1869-1872 - Individual Courts of Common Pleas established.

1941 - General Assembly enacted legislation to establish a single Court of Common Pleas for the entire state.

1960 - Statewide Circuit Courts established following the elimination of county government.

1974 - Circuit Court merged with Court of Common Pleas.

1978 - Court of Common Pleas and Juvenile Court merged with Superior Court

1982 - Appellate Court created by Constitutional amendment.

Published Histories/Articles

See "History of the Courts" compiled by the Connecticut Judicial Branch

Agency Documents

Check the State Library catalog for availability of publications by the agency:

Biennial Reports & Statistics are located in:

[CSL call number Conn Doc Ju100re]

State Archives

See also Guide to the Archives in the State Library

List of Chief Justices from 1711 - date, prepared by the Office of the Secretary of the State

List of Chief Justices from 1818 forward

Name

Years of Service as Chief Justice

Zephaniah Swift

1815-1819

Stephen Titus Hosmer

1819-1833

David Daggett

1833-1834

Thomas Scott Williams

1834-1847

Samuel Church

1847-1854

Henry Matson Waite

1854-1857

William Lucius Storrs

1857-1861

Joel Hinman

1861-1870

Thomas Belden Butler

1870-1873

Origen Storrs Seymour

1873-1874

John Duane Park

1874-1889

Charles Bartlett Andrews

1889-1901

David Torrance

1901-1906

Simeon E. Baldwin

1907-1910

Samuel O. Prentice

1913-1920

George W. Wheeler

1920-1930

William M. Maltbie

1930-1950

Allyn L. Brown

1950-1953

Ernest A. Inglis

1953-1957

Patrick B. O'Sullivan

1957-1957

Kenneth Wynne

1957-1958

Edward J. Daly

1958-1959

Raymond E. Baldwin

1959-1963

John Hamilton King

1963-1970

Howard W. Alcorn

1970-1971

Charles S. House

1971-1978

John P. Cotter

1978-1981

Joseph Bogdanski

1981-1981

John Speziale

1981-1984

Ellen A. Peters

1984-1996

Robert J. Callahan

1996-1999

Francis M. McDonald, Jr.

1999-2001

William J. Sullivan

2001-2006

David M. Borden (Acting) April 15, 2006-April 2007
Chase T. Rogers April 2007-Present