Topics in Connecticut History

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About Connecticut: A Brief History of the State Read more
Charter Oak - Connecticut's State Tree Read more
Charter of 1662 - Image & Transcription of the Charter

The Charter of 1662 (image), The Charter of 1662 (transcription)

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Colonial Connecticut Records

The official record books of the General Court/General Assembly, containing proceedings and other materials. This 15 volume collection contains a wealth of information for those researching Connecticut people, government, history and law. Colonial Connecticut Records. (CCR) provides online delivery of the complete digitized volumes. 

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Connecticut State Seal

The current State Seal is also known as the Great Seal. You can also find information on the Colonial Seal and on the Original Seal.

This additional information on the symbolism of the grapevines, compiled by State Library staff, may prove useful:

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Connecticut's "Panhandle"

Under an agreement with the Dutch in 1650, the western boundary of Connecticut was to extend northward from the west side of Greenwich Bay "provided the said line come not within 10 miles of Hudson River."


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Connecticut's "Southwick Jog"

The notch in Connecticut's northern border, just above Granby, is sometimes called the "Southwick Jog".


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Connecticut's Historical Firsts Read more
Connecticut's Nicknames

The "Constitution State"


Connecticut's official nickname is the "Constitution State". According to the Connecticut State Register and Manual, 1998, p. 832:


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Early History of Connecticut

Early History. A brief historical overview.

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Founders of Windsor

The following is a list of the Founders of the town of Windsor, amended and approved by the Descendants of the Founders of Ancient Windsor, Inc. as of June 1996. 

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Founding Documents of Connecticut

Connecticut, the "Constitution State," has a rich history of written governmental and civil documents that helped bind and create first a British colony, and later one of the original thirteen United States of America. The Founding Documents collection focuses on the historic documents that helped guide and frame what Connecticut became both governmentally and geographically.

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Fundamental Orders

The Fundamental Orders

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Guide to the "Amistad Affair"

In 1839, fifty-three African captives, illegally sold into slavery and being transported off Cuba, revolted and took La Amistad north. Near Long Island, they were seized by a U. S. Navy vessel and brought to Connecticut. Spain pressed for the return of the ship and its cargo, including the Africans. Over the next two years, their story and the legal case that ensued captured the imagination of the public, and abolitionists, churches, townspeople and college students mobilized in their support.

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Guide to The Hartford Circus Fire, July 6, 1944

On July 6, 1944, a fire broke out during a matinee performance of the Ringling Brothers and Barnum and Bailey Circus. Despite circus employee attempts to limit the blaze, it quickly spread, engulfing the big top in flames. One hundred and sixty seven people died. Six victims remained unidentified, including a little girl long known only as Little Miss 1565. In 1991, arson investigator Rick Davey announced he had identified her as Eleanor Cook (see A Matter of Degree), but Stewart O'Nan (The Circus Fire: A True Story) does not concur with this identification.

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History of Connecticut's Capitals

View of the CT State CapitolThe Connecticut Colony (Hartford) and the New Haven Colony were two separate colonies until 1662, when a charter from King Charles II united them. According to Guide to the History and Historic Sites of Connecticut by Florence S. M. Crofut (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1937), Hartford was the only capital of the new unit until 1701.

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Manuscript collections include letters, diaries, account books, minutes of organizations' meetings, and genealogies, and cover subjects in Connecticut history: politics; military, economic, industrial, religious, social, maritime and naval history; Native American Indians; women; education; individuals and families; architecture; professional organizations; public health and medicine; transportation; law; agriculture; public art and photography

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Nathan Hale

Reproduced from the State Register and Manual.

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National Archives and Records Administration

National Archives and Records Administration. Includes information on the holdings and services of National Archives branches nationwide and information on genealogical resources, veteran’s service records, and microfilm publications. Searchable databases are included in the “Access to Archival Databases (AAD)” section.

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New England Ancestors

Available at the State Library. Includes the full texts of The New England Historical and Genealogical Register, 1847-1994, The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England, 1620-1633; and Legislators of the Massachusetts General Court, 1691-1780; vital records of many Massachusetts towns to 1850; and transcriptions of manuscripts and diaries, military records, Bible records, and church records.

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New York Times (1980-current)

Full text of the New York Times newspaper, 1980 to current. The complete text of recent articles is provided in the ASCII format. The New York Times Book Review and Sunday Magazine are provided in PDF format. Access provided by iCONN.

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Oxford International Encyclopedia of Legal History

Full-text articles on all aspects of legal history throughout the world.  Covers legal history from ancient to modern times. 

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Reading and Interpreting Old Handwriting

“Yes, it is in English.”  Documents such as the "Warwick Patent," "Matthew

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Records of the colony and plantation of New Haven, from 1638 to 1649.

Full text of the Records of the Colony and Plantation of New Haven, from 1638 to 1649. From the Making of America book collection, digitized by the University of Michigan Library, Ann Arbor.

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Selected Important Dates in Connecticut History Read more